Department of Computer Science | Institute of Theoretical Computer Science | CADMO

Theory of Combinatorial Algorithms

Prof. Emo Welzl and Prof. Bernd Gärtner

Mittagsseminar (in cooperation with M. Ghaffari, A. Steger and B. Sudakov)

Mittagsseminar Talk Information

Date and Time: Thursday, December 17, 2009, 12:15 pm

Duration: This information is not available in the database

Location: CAB G51

Speaker: Lutz Warnke (University of Oxford)

A deletion method for local subgraph counts

For a given graph H let X_H denote the random variable that counts the number of copies of H in a random graph G_{n,p}. For subgraph counts Janson's inequality can be used to obtain upper bounds on the probability that X_H is smaller than its expectation. For the corresponding upper tail, however, such bounds are not obtained easily. As it turns out, this probability is simply not as small as the lower tail. In order to better control the upper tail of X_H, Rödl and Rucinski showed that by deleting a small fraction of all edges (or of all H-subgraphs, whatever is smaller) the number of copies of H can be reduced to at most (1+\eps)E[X_H] with probability similar to the lower bound.

In this talk we are interested in a strengthening of the previous result and focus on the case where H is a triangle; the general case is work in progress. Namely, with `very high' probability we want to find a `large' subgraph that on the one hand still contains at least (1-\eps)E[X_{K_3}] many triangles, and on the other hand has the property that every vertex and edge is contained in `not too many` triangles. Our proof is based on an application of the FKG-inequality which will allows use to link the probability of existence of a 'nice' collection of H-subgraphs to the probability that a certain number of H-subgraphs exists at all.

Joint work with Reto Spöhel and Angelika Steger.

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