Department of Computer Science | Institute of Theoretical Computer Science | CADMO

Theory of Combinatorial Algorithms

Prof. Emo Welzl and Prof. Bernd Gärtner

Mittagsseminar (in cooperation with M. Ghaffari, A. Steger and B. Sudakov)

Mittagsseminar Talk Information

Date and Time: Tuesday, March 10, 2015, 12:15 pm

Duration: 30 minutes

Location: CAB G51

Speaker: Hidefumi Hiraishi (University of Tokyo)

Excluded Minors of Rank 3 for Orientable and Representable Matroids

In graph theory, graph minor theorem by Robertson and Seymour is a monumental result which states that any minor-closed class of graphs has just a finite number of excluded minors, i.e. forbidden patterns minimal with respect to minor operations. This implies that excluded minors play a crucial role to characterize graph classes.
Matroid is a combinatorial abstraction of graphs, point configurations and so on. While minor operation can be naturally extendable from graphs to matroids, characterization by a finite list of excluded minors is not always possible even for fundamental classes. In this talk, we focus on two fundamental classes known to have infinitely many excluded minors: orientable matroids and matroids representable over an infinite field. A matroid is orientable, if it can be extended to an oriented matroids. For a field $\mathbb{F}$, a matroid is $\mathbb{F}$-representable, if some point configuration on the projective space over $\mathbb{F}$ has the matroid as an underlying structure. We investigate whether the number of excluded minors becomes finite or remains infinite under taking unions and intersections, and then obtain the following result: for an infinite field $\mathbb{F}$, there exist infinitely many excluded minors of rank 3 for both the unions and the intersections of orientable matroids and $\mathbb{F}$-representable matroids. This shows that, even restricting the rank, the characterization by excluded minors is difficult.

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