# Mittagsseminar (in cooperation with M. Ghaffari, A. Steger and B. Sudakov)

__Mittagsseminar Talk Information__ | |

**Date and Time**: Thursday, June 11, 2015, 12:15 pm

**Duration**: 30 minutes

**Location**: CAB G51

**Speaker**: Manuel Wettstein

## Vertical Visibility, Upward Triangulations, and 3-dimensional Catalan Numbers

We define the notion of a *trapezoidal diagram* of a plane graph G (embedded without crossings on a planar point set). Informally speaking, such a diagram is obtained by augmenting G with its trapezoidal decomposition and then forgetting about the exact locations of the vertices.

We study the number of such diagrams if the graphs G are either (a) perfect matchings or (b) triangulations. In both cases we give bijective proofs that establish certain relations with so called 3-dimensional Catalan numbers. We determine the exponential growth rates of the number of such diagrams as A^n and B^n, respectively, where n is the number of vertices, A = sqrt(27) = 5.196, and B = 27 / (729 * sqrt(3) / (40 * pi) - 9)^3 = 23.459.

Coincidentally, the number of such diagrams in the case of perfect matchings is equal to the number of different ways (in terms of the vertical visibility structure) that we can arrange n/2 non-intersecting convex shapes in the plane. In the case of triangulations, these diagrams are closely related to upward triangulations (i.e., directed maximal planar graphs that allow a plane embedding in which all edges are drawn as y-monotone curves pointing upwards).

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