Department of Computer Science | Institute of Theoretical Computer Science | CADMO

Theory of Combinatorial Algorithms

Prof. Emo Welzl and Prof. Bernd Gärtner

Mittagsseminar (in cooperation with M. Ghaffari, A. Steger and B. Sudakov)

Mittagsseminar Talk Information

Date and Time: Thursday, April 02, 2009, 12:15 pm

Duration: This information is not available in the database

Location: CAB G51

Speaker: Sabrina Wiedersheim

Spanning Trees, Spiders and Snowflakes

The problem of finding a spanning tree with few branch vertices (vertices of degree greater than two) is motivated by the design of communication networks: We are interested in sending signals from a single source to many destinations with a minimum number of connections over fiber links (spanning tree) and subject to this with as few sophisticated light splitting switchers (branch vertices) as possible. In graph theoretical terms a best solution of this problem is a spanning tree with at most one branch vertex. These spanning trees are called spanning spiders.

The decision problem whether there is a spanning spider in a given connected graph G= (E,V) is NP-complete. We describe an O(|E| |V| log |V| 2^k) time algorithm testing the existence of a spider through k vertices (1 <= k <= |V|) in G and reconstructing such a spider, provided there exists one. I will also give a brief impression of further results about the minimum number of branch vertices we need to construct a spanning tree in general, spanning snowflakes, Euclidean graphs and conclude with some open questions.

Joint work with Michael Hoffmann.

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