Department of Computer Science | Institute of Theoretical Computer Science | CADMO

Theory of Combinatorial Algorithms

Prof. Emo Welzl and Prof. Bernd Gärtner

Mittagsseminar (in cooperation with M. Ghaffari, A. Steger and B. Sudakov)

Mittagsseminar Talk Information

Date and Time: Tuesday, October 12, 2010, 12:15 pm

Duration: This information is not available in the database

Location: CAB G51

Speaker: Yves Brise

It's Easy to Compute Exactly, but Hard to Minimize Fill-in

This talk will present two types of results concerning matrix decompositions over the rational numbers. Basically, just think of Gaussian elimination.

In the first part we will discuss the fact that Gaussian elimination is strongly polynomial. It is straight-forward that Gaussian elimination is polynomial in the arithmetic model (counting arithmetic operations), but not clear a priori that it is possible in polynomial time with respect to the encoding length of the matrix. This result opens the door for doing exact computations efficiently.

The second part will be concerned with decomposing sparse matrices, i.e., matrices having a lot of zero entries. During the decomposition of such matrices, it can happen that a lot of non-zeros are created. This is refered to as fill-in in the literature. Using an elegant graph theoretical approach it is possible to show that minimizing the fill-in is actually NP-hard for symmetric positive definite matrices.

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